Steven Wedgeworth

Keep your hand on the plow and hold on.

Martin Luther on the Ministry of Shem

Throughout Martin Luther's Lectures on Genesis, he returns again and again to a surprising theme. Shem, the son of Noah, was a public leader over the ancient church and he even served as divine oracle for the patriarchs, mediating the word of God to them throughout...

Calvin Against Iconoclasm

In his biography of the great reformer John Calvin, Bruce Gordon repeatedly points out that Calvin opposed iconoclasm (see pgs. 283, 323-327 of Gordon's Calvin). On this point, Calvin differed from men with whom he was otherwise associated, such as Farel and Viret....

Nevin the Organic Progressive

My last post on Nevin won the hearts and minds of all reasonable men, and so I thought I would do well to add a sequel. Don't worry, I also plan to write a critical essay on Hodge (fair's fair!), but Dr. Nevin really does need another treatment to be properly...

Face It, Nevin Was Nuts

When I was in seminary, the Mercersburg theology of Philip Schaff and John Williamson Nevin was enjoying a significant revival. Lots of books, masters theses, and dissertations were written about these men and their movement. “Reformed Catholicism” was frequently...

Via Media, But Between What?

I am finishing up Diarmaid MacCulloch's biography of Thomas Cranmer. Over all it's a superb work of history, even if MacCulloch inserts his own voice into the controversies a bit too much for my liking. Still, I learned a lot about the complicated ins and outs of...

Martin Luther on Reparations

At the end of his book, Temporal Authority: To What Extent It Should be Obeyed, Martin Luther takes up the topic of restitution, which he defines as "the return of goods wrongly acquired." In the interest of relevancy and hot takes, I am going to connect this to...

Martin Luther’s Farewell to Arms: The Two Kingdoms and the Rejection of Crusading

Martin Luther’s political theology has fallen on hard times. While it was once common to give him credit for the emergence of modern political liberties, Luther’s legacy has, especially since the second world war, soured. Many have claimed that he set the stage for an unholy sort of sacred nationalism, while more recent commentators say that Luther had no political theology at all, but was instead content to take a “hands off” approach, ceding everything to an emerging secular state.

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